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Bhinmal

Bhinmal


State
 - District(s)

Rajasthan
 - Jalor

Coordinates

25.0 N 72.25 E

Area
 - Elevation


 - 146 m

Time zone

IST (UTC+5:30)

Population (2001)
 - Density

39,278
 - 

Codes
 - Postal
 - Telephone
 - Vehicle

 
 - 343029
 - +912969
 - RJ-16

Bhinmal is a town in the Jalore District of Rajasthan, India. It is 72 km south of Jalore town. The name Bhinmal is derived from the word Shrimal. Bhinmal was the capital of ancient Gujarat.

The town is the birth place of the Sanskrit poet Mahakavi Magh and mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त).

 History of Bhinmal

Bhinmal was the capital of ancient Gujarat.The further earlier name of the town was Bhillamala.Hiuen Tsang visited Bhillamala [bhinmal] in about 641 A.D. According to Hiuen Tsang Bhillamala was capital of Gurjara kingdom[now Gujarat state in india]. The king of the place was a Kashatriya, celebrated for his wisdom and virtue, a believer in Buddhism and a man of exceptional abilities. He was just twenty years old. The people of the place were flourishing. Brahmanism dominated the city .There was only one Buddhist monastery with 100 brothers.

Ala ud din Khilji also destroyed Srimalal when he conquered Jalore in 1310 A.D.Before that Srimala was a premier city of Northern India. The city was laid out in the shape of a square. It has 84 gates. The mid-15th century chronicle Kanhadade Prabandha provide description of many islamic attacks on Bhinmal.

There were several temples of Jain Tirthankar and Hindu god-Ganapatis, Kshetrapalas, Chandikadevis, Shivalingas and others. The temple of Bhinmal known as Jagatsvami was one of the earliest and most famous temples of Rajasthan. The temple had beautiful torana (archway).The temple was perhaps built during the reign of Gurjara Pratiharas who were sun worshippers. A festival was held at temple in the Hindu calendar month of Asvin.

There were a number of Jain temples too, temple of Mahavira being the most famous.

Bhinmal was a great centre of learning. The scholars of Srimala were known far and wide for their scholarship and learning. The well known sanskrit poet Maga, the author of 'Sisupalavadha' also lived here in 680 A.D. Brahmagupta was born in 598 A.D. in Bhinmal .He is likely to have lived most of his life in Bhillamala (modern Bhinmal) in the empire of Harsha. As a result Brahmagupta is often referred to as Bhillamalacarya, the teacher from Bhillamala (Bhinmal). He was the head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain, and during his tenure he wrote two texts on mathematics and astronomy: The Brahma Sphuta Siddhanta in 628, and the Khandakhadyaka in 665. The well known Jain scholar Siddharshi Gani, a resident of Bhinmal wrote Upmitibahava prapancha katha in 905 A.D.The 'Jain Ramayana' was written by Jain monk Vijayagani in 1595 A.D.

 Jainism in Bhinmal

Image:Mahavirswami.bafnawadi.bhinmal.s.bafna.jpg

This city has witnessed many risings and falls. Stone inscriptions of the year 1333 of the Vikram era(1277 A.D.) are found among ruins of temples.There are signs here and there showing that Lourd MahaviraSwami jain Tirthankar wandered about here. They can provide historical evidences to researches. There was a time when this city had a circumference of 64 kilometers and the fort had 84 gates.This city looked beautiful with hundreds of pinnacled temples. From the seventh to the tenth century, talented Acharya /jain monk/wiritter created here valuable Jain literature and sanctified and beautified this place. The temple of jain Tirthankar Parshvanatha in Hathi pole area is regarded to be ancient.This temple has great archeological importance.Golden-colored idol of Shri Parshvanatha Bhagvan in padmasana posture is the presiding deity. On the image of the main deity, On the idol, there is an inscription of the year 1011 of the Vikram era[955 A.D.].

It is believed that the idol was found from a hollow of the ground. Many other idols were also found. The city of Bhinmal had four gates. At a distance of 8 kilometers in the north, there is the Jalori gate, in the south, there is the Laxmi gate, in the east, there is the Sungate and in the west, there is the Sanchori gate. Eight hundred years ago Bhinmal as the tirth is described in the ‘Sakal Tirth Stotra’ composed by jain monk Acharya Siddhasena surisvarji. Thr writer of Abhidhan Rajendra Kosh [Dictionary of Prakrit, Sanskrit & pali language jain words] & famous jain monk of 20th century Acharya Rajendra suri made his chaturmas here in 1880 A.D.

 Geography

Bhinmal is located at 25.0 N 72.25 E[1]. It has an average elevation of 146 metres (479 feet).

 Economy

The economy of the town and surrounding areas is mainly based on agriculture and animal husbandary. The oilseeds specially musturd oilseeds is predominant crop .Wheat, bajra,kharif pulses, barley,jowar and seasmum are other produces.

Of late some mineral based industries are set up based on mineral available from local mines .The main minerals produced are:Gypsum,limestone,bajari, murram, granite and graded flourite.

There is no large and medium size industry in the Bhinmal industrial area. The main small scale industries are :granite slabs and tiles, marble cutting and polishing, mustard seed crushing, skimmed milk powder, butter and ghee, handloom cloth, leather shoes( mojari}.

 Infrastructure

Transport- Bhinmal is on Samadari-Bhildi section of North Western Railway .The name of railway station is Marwar Bhinmal .The railway tracks are meter gauge .There are plans to convert these to broad gauge.Bhinaml is connected to all major cities by all weather roads.

Electricity- There is one sub grid station of 220 KV at Bhinmal. The town receives power from Power Grid Corporation of India's grid station in Kota District. Almost all villages of the Bhinmal sub division are electrified.The Power Grid Corporation of India has plans to constuct new power substation at Bhinmal to suplly electricity to whole Marwar area.

Water- The town gets drinking water from Savidar,Dhanwara & Rajpura.The town area drinking water supply is managed by PHED (water dept.of Govt.of Rajasthan) .The main source of irrigation for farmers continues to be wells.

Accomodation- There are many hotels in the town .Some well known hotels are: Hotel Samarat,Hotel Neel kamal,Hotel Rajdeep,Hotel Surya-kiran and Hotel Sagar. The heritage hotel known as Castle Durjan Niwas is at village Daspan 25 km from Bhinmal .

Education- The town has a graduate/degree College called G K Gowani Government College affiliated to Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University,Ajmer.There are three higher secondary and about forty five primary and middle schools in Bhinmal.

Telecomunications- The town has good telcommunication facilities. All the basic phone and cellphone service provider companies have their network in Bhinmal.

Hospitals- Bhinmal town has good medical facilities .The town has a government referal hospital and many private hospitals.There is an Aryuvedic hospital too .

Sports- The town has a stadium by name of Shivaraj Stadium .It was inaugurated by staging Ranji trophy match in December 1985 between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.It has indoor & outdoor games facilities .The yearly state level badminton tournament held here .

Banking Two nationalised Banks State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur and Punjab National Bank have their brances here. Some co-operative and local banks also have their brances in the town .They are :Jalore Nagrik Sahakari Bank ltd.,Madhav Cooperative bank,Marwar Gramin Bank,Jalore Central Cooperative Bank and Bhumi Vikas Bank.

Library The town has two public libraries one is managed by the municipality and other one by Saraswati Temple Trust.

 Administrative set-up

  • The town is one of two sub -divisions in Jalore district.
  • The Bhinmal sub division covers three tehsils namely Bhinmal,Sanchore and Raniwara and four panchayat{block} samitis namely Bhinmal,Sanchore ,Raniwara and Jaswantpura.
  • The civic affairs are administered by the Bhinmal Municipal Council (BMC) (Nagarpalika Mandal Bhinmal), with executive power vested in the Municipal excutive officer.The Council comprises 25 directly elected councillors representing the twenty five municipal wards.Three nominated Councillors and a local MLA also have a rights of councillor .
  • The Bhinmal sub-division area is under the jurisdiction of a Deputy District Collector/Sub divisionl Officer(SDO)
  • Bhinmal Tehsildar is in charge of property records and revenue collection of Bhinmal tehsil
  • The Bhinmal Police is headed by a Deputy Superintendent of Police who is an IPS officer.
  • Bhinmal also has a Lower court, the Small Causes Court for civil matters and the Sessions Court for criminal cases.
  • Bhinmal constituency elects one member to the Vidhan Sabha( Rajasthan State Assembly)[1]

 Demography

As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Bhinmal had a population of 39,278. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bhinmal has an average literacy rate of 52%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 67% and female literacy of 36%. 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The Bafna, Jogani, Nahar, Mehta, Gowani, Raysoni, Sanghvi, Vanigota, Shrimali Brahmins,Vardhan, Bohra, Dhokad,Doshi, Hundiya, Palgota, Kothari, Haran are the some of the surnames of the people from the town.Bhinmal is an important town in the history of oswal Jain community.

Many people from Bhinmal are now settled in Mumbai and are engaged in trade , building ,construction and export-import and other businesses.Some well known business houese are Nahar group,Govani group,Bafna business houses,Nahar & Seth group and Vardhan group.Some people from Bhinmal presently reside in Bangalore,Chitradurga and Ahmedabadtoo. They keep regular contact with Bhinmal through social and religious functions.

 Temples in Bhinmal

 Jain Temples

 Hindu Temples

 Monuments

  • Chandinath Bavadi
  • Jeevdaya Gaushala
  • Jakoba Talab
  • Bal samundra pond
  • Trayamkeshwer pond

 Distances

Nearest Airports:

Nearest airstrips:

By Road

 Bhinmal in news

  • A 450 years old Jain temple was unearthed in year 2002 during construction work at the premises of Shri Parshwa Nath temple at Bhinmal. The temple has five images of Jain Tirthankars made in white marble.
  • In September 1997, Naina Jogani, a Jain woman, was allegedly harassed by a Jain muni in Bhinmal. The muni later committed suicide.A judicial inquary later found the Jain muni innocent.
  • Recently Bafna families of the Bhinmal town decided to build a temple of goddess Osiya Mata(Sachiya Mata Temple ), Lord Mahavira Swami and Jain monk Acharya Shri Rajendra Suri. The temple is named as Bafna Wadi Jain Tirth . This is a three temples complex with vast ground,Dharmashala,Bhojanshala.It was declared open to public on 2 March 2006 after Paratistha Mahtsav by Jain monk Jain muni Jayanandvijay ji maharaj.

Created by- SANJAY D.BAFNA